illness | | Mycoses: Diagnosis and Treatment - How to protect yourself?
Mycoplasmosis is an acute infectious disease that is caused by pathogen mycoplasma. Depending on the species of mycoplasma, they can cause a particular disease: Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium is the agent of urogenital mycoplasmosis and Mycoplasma pneumoniae causes inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system. Urogenital mycoplasmosis is sexually transmitted, and mycoplasmosis, causing respiratory and bronchopulmonary disease is most commonly spread through the air. Particularly common respiratory mycoplasmosis exposed children with weakened immune systems, in overcrowded kindergartens and schools.
Respiratory mycoplasmosis is most often seen as part of ARI and pneumonia. The incubation period usually ranges from 7 to 14 days. Pathogen enters the body through airborne droplets through the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, causing acute respiratory disease or severe pneumonia. At ARI patient observed low-grade fever, pharyngitis or rhinopharyngitis, prolonged cough and general malaise. If mycoplasma infection leads to severe pneumonia, it is accompanied by fever and symptoms of intoxication. In patients with asthma or chronic bronchitis with asthmatic component of mycoplasma infection can trigger seizures, and frequent relapses of the disease.
Urogenital mycoplasmosis transmitted most often sexually transmitted and can, as have some symptoms, and asymptomatic. The incubation period is one and a half to two months. The presence of mycoplasmosis may appear painful sensations during urination, itching, burning and discharge from the urethra. However, the symptomatic picture may not be so obvious, so mycoplasmosis often runs unobtrusively. Activation of infection with this against the background of the transferred stress, hypothermia during pregnancy and childbirth.Urogenital mycoplasma infection may cause urethritis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, pathology of pregnancy and the developing fetus, cause of postpartum fever, and puerperal endometritis.
Mycoplasmosis is a particular danger to pregnant women, because it is during pregnancy mycoplasma infection escalates and leads to various complications of its course. The most serious of which may be spontaneous miscarriage in the early stages of its "fading". At later stages of the fruit is being protected from mycoplasmosis placenta. But do not forget that there is a risk of the child during its passage through the birth canal. Mycoplasmosis can cause a woman endometritis after past abortion , childbirth or cesarean section. In this case, a woman often noted pain when urinating and during intercourse as unpleasant symptoms can become abundant selection , which irritate the genital tract. Symptoms periodically amplified, alternating periods of almost complete disappearance.
Diagnosis of mycoplasmosis
Diagnosis of mycoplasmosis produced by PCR, which in this case is more accurate than ELISA and DFA. The method of polymerase chain reaction or PCR is also called DNA diagnostics. Inflammatory diseases in the postpartum period or during the determination of the causes of miscarriage, infertility available as a diagnosis of mycoplasmosis produce antibodies to antigens of mycoplasmas. To determine the number of mycoplasma, as well as their sensitivity to certain antibiotics used bacteriological method of sowing mycoplasma combined with mucous urethra, cervix or vaginal fornix on nutrient media. Connection of several diagnostic methods can more accurately identify any pathogen in the body and assign adequate treatment.
During the treatment of mycoplasmosis used antibiotics tetracycline, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, immunomodulatory drugs and probiotics. After treatment in women control diagnostic PCR performed on days 7 and 21 days after the last day of treatment.Men are diagnosed mycoplasmosis in a month after treatment.