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Maxillary sinusitis is called inflammation of the maxillary sinuses of the nose. The inflammatory response provoked bacteria, viruses, penetrating into the maxillary sinus. When inflammation swells the nasal cavity, which affects the maxillary sinus, blocked access to oxygen. In the nose there is the pressure , the patient undergoes a characteristic tension in this area, head pain , difficulty breathing.
At this time, production of mucus is that because of the special viscosity can no longer be free to go outside, it stagnates, involves inflammation. In the nasal cavity bacteria multiply, pus may eventually fill the entire maxillary sinus, and if up to this point not to start treatment, he can break through and reach out to other surrounding structures. Among the complications of sinusitis - an inflammation of the upper jaw bone, called osteomyelitis. The most serious complication - is meningitis, intracranial abscess, or touching the eyeball. If pus is being introduced region 's eyes , he presses on the optic nerve and surrounding blood vessels, which can lead to vision loss.
Symptoms of sinusitis
Signs of inflammation of the maxillary sinus: a headache, increasing in the evening, expressed the pressure in the nose, the tension in the eyes , with prolonged duration of illness - redness and even bulging of the eyeball. A runny nose and difficulty in nasal breathing. The patient must breathe through the mouth, which increases the risk of acute respiratory diseases. In acute maxillary sinusitis body temperature rises to 38-39 ° C. The patient feels unwell, weakness, fatigue, lost appetite , disturbed sleep. If swelling of the cavity is strong, then the outflow of mucus and pus is difficult, and hence the common cold may not be, but in this case is a severe headache and oppressive power.
Occurrence of sinusitis may contribute to the anatomical features of the structure, such as distortion of nasal septum, it can be congenital or acquired due to trauma. Mechanical damage from chipping the bone tissue and cause inflammation in the nasal cavity.Frequent rhinitis, adenoids, allergic reactions, incorrect treatment or simply frequent occurrence of colds, a general decrease in immunity, the body resistance to infections - all of which are risk factors that may eventually be caused by sinusitis. Often a person lives in the nasopharynx aureus, which may not manifest for a long time, but in the presence of a supportive environment in the form of colds, exposure to cold, weakening of the protective systems of the organism, the bacterium begins to make itself known, including in the form of sinusitis.
Treatment of sinusitis
In the treatment of sinusitis should, above all, ensure the free flow of fluid, mucus from the maxillary sinus. Self is better not to do, because sinusitis may produce unexpected complications or simply pass the chronic form. Doctors are advised not limited to antibiotics. Treatment of sinusitis should be comprehensive - antibacterial therapy may be combined with physiotherapy treatments, inhalations, using special drops, sprays, eliminating swelling of the mucous. With instillation of drugs, it is necessary to observe certain rules. First, it is best to use sosudosuzhayuschie drop, which will prepare the nasal cavity to the more active drugs - painkillers, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory drugs. Good effect has a simple solution rhinenchysis furacillin.
For the treatment of severe sinusitis recommended drug regenkur, which is well removes mucus, sinus disinfects, cleans, removes swelling. Biomassazh, if used together with antibiotics, not only helps get rid of sinusitis, but also improves the immune system. Helium-neon laser - a great way to relieve severe swelling to open access to oxygen. UV exposure, infrared radiation sinus use when running, severe sinus. In case of necessity can be surgery.