gynecology | | Inflammation of the uterus - treatment of inflammation of the appendages
Inflammation of the uterus
Inflammation of the appendages at the woman rather common disease. Not all take it seriously, so this disease is often chronic and cause complications, one of the most severe of which is infertility. To avoid such disastrous consequences, we must carefully monitor the work of his body, to observe the rules of prevention and timely treatment.
Appendages of the uterus
Appendages of the uterus - is the ovaries and tubes. Ovary - Doubles organ located in the pelvic area. The quantity and size of its significantly vary with age (average - 3 x 2 cm). It is the body which produce and mature eggs and sex hormones are produced.
Uterine or fallopian tube, and paired organ which serves to conduct the egg from the ovary to the uterus. This duct is about 10 cm long and 2-4 mm lumen extending from the uterus to the ovaries. The length of the fallopian tube is 10-12 cm, light pipe ranging from 2 to 4 mm. Lumen of the fallopian tube on one side communicates with the uterine cavity on the other - opens a hole in the abdominal peritoneal cavity, near the ovary. That is, women are the abdomen through the lumen of the fallopian tubes, uterus and vagina communicates with the external environment, and hence there can always get an infection .
Why it may be inflammation of the appendages
Inflammation of the uterus (adnexitis or salpingo) - an inflammation of the ovaries and uterine tubes.The disease may begin with a combination of the impact of infection with predisposing factors, reducing the protective function of the organism (immunity).
Contributing factors may include: fatigue, stress, hypothermia, malnutrition (a consequence of trendy diets), regular large blood loss during menstruation, various diseases (internal organs, infection, etc.), tissue damage during an abortion , childbirth or other intrauterine procedures .
Infectious factors may be staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci, Escherichia coli and tuberculosis and other pathogenic bacteria, which with the weakening of the body get into the uterus and cause inflammation.
How is the inflammation of the appendages
Symptoms depend on the pathogen and the ability of woman to give him resistance. Gonococci and the tubercle bacillus more likely to cause bilateral inflammation, staphylococci, streptococci and Escherichia coli - a one-sided.
Adnexitis can occur acutely and chronically.
Acute adnexitis often happens with gonococcal infection, but may also arise from other pathogens. In this case, the temperature rises sharply, there are strong pain in the abdomen, chills, malaise. If left untreated this condition, the acute process after 1-2 weeks gradually subsides and becomes chronic.
Chronic adnexitis or growing slowly from the outset, or becomes a consequence of acute disease course. In this form of deterioration are replaced by lighter intervals (remission). Exacerbations occur with a slight fever and mild pain. Constant pain, aggravated by periodic menstruation, exercise, sexual intercourse. Appear isolation , often purulent, causing irritation and genital itching, menstrual irregularities. Often the only sign of chronic adnexitis is infertility.
Threatening complication adnexitis - the transition of inflammation in the abdominal cavity (peritonitis). In this case, the temperature rises sharply, worsening general condition, there is a constant severe pain in the abdomen. Abdomen distended, because of the pain until it is impossible to touch. If you do not start proper treatment early, the woman may die.
Another no less formidable complication is persistent infertility - the result of obstruction of the fallopian tubes.This is also a recipe for tubal and abdominal pregnancy.
Complication of inflammation of the appendages is also a violation of the menstrual cycle.